1920s Formal Dresses Guide

1920s formal dresses

Th best place to find 1920s dresses and accessories is Unique-Vintage.com

The 1920s was a decade filled with all-night partying! Jazz music exploded and people danced the night away in clubs around the globe, doing the Charleston, the Shimmy and the Tango. Money seemed plentiful, and electrifying parties at mansions and ballrooms were always in the mix. Women in the 1920s went all-out for evening entertainment  Opulence, decadence, glamour – whichever way you want to say it, 1920s formal dresses had it! (Skip the history and start shopping.)

History of 1920s Formal Dresses

1920s evening dresses

1920 Delineator Evening Gowns- both Straight and Full Skirts

There are many names for 1920s formal dress. Party dresses, cocktail dresses, prom dresses, and evening dresses. In the 1920s all after six dresses had the same look and feel and went by many different names.

The boyish shape that was so stylish during the decade for day wear, was sought after for nighttime too, with a flattened bust, dropped waist and a loose-fitting straight cut – perfect for dancing! Cocktail dresses were almost always sleeveless and daringly short (from below the knee to mid-calf), although women often lengthened their hems a little bit for very formal occasions.

Popular necklines for evening included a low square cut, scoop or V shape. One style trend was with a very low V (down to the waist) with a contrasting fabric panel inset in it. This achieved a square finish to the overall neckline and when the inset was nude it nodded to the naughty side of fashion.

Having your back to someone in a crowded room was no excuse to skimp! The backs of dresses were often just as dramatic as the front, with a low-cut scoop or V shape. Shawl-like draping was popular with low-cut backs too. See the pink dress above for a V shawl.

1290s evening gown

1922 Frances Alda in an Egyptian Inspired Gown

Fabric was sometimes draped and gathered in interesting shapes at the dropped waistline (waist around the mid hip or lower), which was also often decorated with a big sash and bow at the front or on the side. Decorative jewelery such as large clips and pins carried a very Egyption look and feel on the dresses. The recent discovery of King Tuts tomb made anything ancient Egypt very fashionable.

Asian art decorations were also fashionable. The entire art movement of this time was called Art Deco and it played a large roll in geometric shape on  fashion.

Even the hems of dresses were not neglected on 1920s formal dresses.  Contrasting beading or embroidery around the hem made them something special in and of themselves. Scalloped or uneven handkerchief hems made dresses unique and fringe trim along the bottom gave them some swing! The all fringe, very short “flapper” dresses most people identify with the 1920s were NOT worn in good company. These dresses appeared on show girls and other ladies of the night in the mid 1920s. The design and the length was simply to risqué for the average woman.

1920s flapper dresses

When choosing a 1920s evening dress, don’t skimp on the fancy! Fabrics were very luxurious – velvet, silk, satin, layers of chiffon and lamé. Gold and silver metallic were eye-catching color choices. Cream, pastels and jewel tones were also common to see. Really, the sky was the limit in terms of color. Even black became acceptable (and wanted) for evening wear – before the 1920s it was only worn by ladies in mourning. Thanks to Coco Chanel, who introduced the now-famous ‘Little Black Dress’ during the ‘20s, it became an extremely popular color for evening and remains so to this day. It was perfect to show off those gorgeous decorative elements and jewelry!

More history of formal dresses with details year by year can be read here. 

 1920s Formal Dress Accessories

An entire 1920s look complete with accessories at Modcloth

An entire 1920s look complete with accessories at Modcloth

Women wore layers of long necklaces over their evening dresses, usually strands of fake pearls and beads. Cuff bracelets in gold or silver were often worn with several going up the arm and around the bicep. Motifs of gold snakes, Egyptian cats, butterfly’s and dragonflies were especially in demand.  Even beaded or feather headbands or turban hats made it into formal wear.

1920s shoes for women

1920s Style T Strap Shoes

Silk stockings were a must with those short hems, and shoes had to both look good and be comfortable for dancing. Stockings for day were usually solid tan or dark nudes while evening hues matched dresses. Metallic gold or patent leather black Mary Jane’s were the shoe of choice, and were sometimes decorated with sparkly buckles for added evening appeal. Learn more about and shop for 1920s Shoes.

1920s headband

Evening Bandeau with Gem

Hair jewelry replaced hats for evening wear. Beautiful beaded headbands or all rhinestone hair combs and tiaras accented ladies short hair styles. They were many different styles of headbands and placement on them on the head. Across the forehead gave them an Egyptian queen look while others wrapped around the head for a youthful “girlish” look. Read more about and shop for 1920s headbands.

1920s handbag

Mesh Flapper Purse

The final accessory is an evening bag. Women didn’t have much to carry so bags were small, lightweight, and beautifully beaded or designed in metal mesh. The new fad, makeup, was carried in the evenings bags along with a few cigarettes and a jeweled cigarette holder. Evenings purses complimented but did not necessarily match the dress. They were a work of art in of themselves.

Buying 1920s Formal Dresses

Vintage dresses are very hard to find as well as very fragile to wear. Reproduction 1920s dress patterns to sew your own dress are a great alternative.

vintage prom dress

1920’s Style Evening Dress

Buying 1920s evening dresses has been a challenge until now. In the past very few clothing designers had introduced 20’s style dresses to their line. The exception was Sue Wong who’s signature style incorporates 20’s and 30s style beading in her formal gowns. All of this has changed recently as more and more TV shows and movies set in the 20’s have influenced popular fashion.

Downton Abbey has created a wave of interest in the early 20’s long bead and chiffon gowns while Boardwalk Empire and the Great Gatsby movie feature short flapper dresses. I have found many formal 1920s style dresses online that are modern but with enough 1920’s style to make them great choices for proms, black tie weddings, galas and other formal occasions (see below). My absolute favorite site is Unique-Vintage for 1920s reproduction beaded dresses and twenties inspired prom dresses. Offline formal dress departments inside Macys or Nordstrom will carry many beaded gowns.  More formal dress choices below:

Shop 1920s Evening Dresses

NOTE: The beautiful paintings in this article were taken aboard the Norwegian Dawn cruise ship. Artist is unknown.

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About Debbie Sessions

Debbie Sessions is passionate about wearing history through fashion. She and her husband, Oscar, have turned their hobby into a career by teaching others how to re-create vintage style with affordable new vintage inspired clothing and accessories. We connect shoppers to the best vintage inspired clothing, shoes and accessories and teach fashion history as it was worn by everyday people. Need more help? Contact us anytime.